Development and economic inclusion of women, food security and nutrition

Mitigation options to combat black carbon from agricultural open burns in Peru

Duración:
12/01/2017 - 12/31/2019

Contacto:
ozelarayan@webtesteo.com

Lugar de intervención:
Huancavelica, Junín

Donante

United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).

Aliados estratégicos

Headquarters in Huancayo of the Geophysical Institute of Peru (Instituto Geofísico del Perú - IGP), the National Institute of Agrarian Innovation (Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria - INIA) and the Rural Agricultural Productive Development Program.

Objetivo del proyecto

Address short-lived climate pollutants from the agricultural sector (agricultural burning), specifically black carbon, methane, CO2, etc., that affect climate and air quality.

Grupo de impacto

Small and medium agricultural producers who are dedicated to developing commercial crop production activities, as in maize, corn, peas, broad beans, vegetables, etc.

Innovación

The minimum tillage of the soil and the implementation of a direct sowing equipment that allowed to improve production yields. An adequate and technological management that makes a minimum tillage of the soil reduces its erosion, which becomes a mechanism for the conservation of the soil resource and allows a minimum use of water for irrigation.

Fortalecimiento de la sociedad civil

Improvement in the communities, in terms of the organization of producers who sought – collectively – to improve their management skills before the authorities and private organizations, this in order to obtain financing for the implementation of the production plan for each agricultural season.

Modelos efectivos

The promotion and dissemination of the negative effects of the burning of agricultural remains in the planting plots caused it to decrease significantly and generated a greater coverage of the soil to maintain its humidity.

Aprendizajes

  • Permanent organic soil cover with crop residues. Maintaining a protective layer of vegetation on the soil surface eliminates weeds, protects the soil from the effects of extreme weather events, helps preserve soil moisture and prevents compaction.
    – Minimal mechanical variation of the soil, that is, cultivation without tillage through the direct deposit of seeds and fertilizers. This reduces soil erosion and preserves its organic matter.
  • A well-managed crop rotation favors a good soil structure and promotes a variety of edaphic flora and fauna that contributes to the cycle of nutritive elements and better plant nutrition; in addition, it helps prevent pests and diseases.

Impacto del proyecto

Total beneficiarios directos

Total beneficiarios indirectos

Mujeres beneficiadas directas

Mujeres beneficiadas indirectas